Design against off-normal events is an essential part of fusion energy research. The rapid quench of the tokamak plasma (called a 'disruption') releases a burst of energy into the reactor vessel that must be controlled. Research involves designing systems and techniques to manage this energy release in a benign manner.
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Slide 1: ITER massive material injection schematic.
Slide 2: Comparison of MGI and SPI Plasma Shutdown
Slide 3: Example material injection barrels currently in use around the world.
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